Just as colonoscopy is the benchmark for colorectal diagnosis, EGD or upper endoscopy is the standard for diagnosing diseases and disorders of the upper GI tract, such as peptic ulcer, chronic heartburn (acid reflux) and internal bleeding. EGD allows the visualization of the entire upper gastrointestinal tract, including the esophagus, stomach and duodenum.
EGD is the only test available for diagnosing a disorder called Barrett's Esophagus, a precancerous condition caused by chronic acid reflux that can lead to esophageal cancer if not detected and treated in its early stages. EGD also has therapeutic applications, allowing the treatment of bleeding ulcers during the procedure, which can help patients avoid surgery. In addition, EDG can detect the presence of Helicobacter pylori, a bacterium implicated in the cause of some gastric ulcers.
Virginia Hospital Center also offers the latest advances in endoscopic procedures. Magnifying endoscopy provides physicians with higher resolution, full-screen images, which allows even more precise diagnosis of upper GI problems.
As with colonoscopy, most patients undergoing this five-to-ten minute procedure receive mild, safe IV sedation to ensure their comfort. And all procedures are fully monitored by qualified GI technicians and RNs.